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Example 
Can your child answer the following questions?

Order numbers from smallest to largest and vice versa.
e.g. Order the following numbers from smallest to largest: 12562, 120562, 1562 
Is 11255 larger or smaller than 11522?
Is 23560 larger or smaller than 23650? 

Count forwards or backwards in steps of powers of 10 
Powers of 10 are 10, 100, 1000, 10000 and 100000.
Count forward in 100s from 624. e.g. 624, 724, 824, 924 Count backwards in 10000s from 64362. e.g. 54362, 44362, 34362. 
What is 100,000 more than 410000?
What is 1000 less than 45800? Count forwards in 10s from 85200. 
Count forwards and backwards with positive and negative whole numbers, including through zero 
4 + 6 = 2 2 – 11 = 9 10 + 16 = 6 5 – 3 = 8 
The temperature at noon is 5®C and it drops by 8®C. What is the temperature now?
What is 9 less than 4? What is 6 more than 5? 
Round any number up to 1 000 000 to the nearest 10, 100, 1000, 10 000 and 100 000. 
569 to the nearest 10 is 570.
1822 to the nearest 100 is 1800. 12300 to the nearest 1000 is 12000. 564, 600 to the nearest 10 000 is 560,000. 889, 455 to the nearest 100 000 is 900 000. 
What is the nearest 1000 number to 64, 200?
What is the nearest 10 000 number to 363, 500? Round 758, 100 to the nearest 100 000. 
221 + 566 = 787 1234 + 1234 = 2468 500 + 6550 = 7050 1658 + 1600 = 3258 
I have 156 points and earn an extra 500. How many do I have in total?
What is 700 more than 222? 

562 – 150 = 412 444 – 222 = 222 1500 – 490 = 1010

I have £678 in the bank and spend £333 on a new TV. How much do I have left?
What is 55 less than 999? 

Multiple: The result of multiplying a number by a number. E.g. 12 is a multiple of 2.
Factor pair: Numbers you can multiply together to get another number. E.g. 2 and 4 are a factor pair of 8. Common factors: Factors that are common to two or more numbers are said to be common factors. E.g. common factors of 12 and 18 are 2, 6, 3.

Name a multiple of 8.
What is a factor pair of 16? Is 3 and 5 a factor pair of 15?
Common factors of 10 and 20 are 5, 2, 10 and 3. True or False?
What are the common factors of 30 and 12? 

Multiply and divide numbers mentally drawing upon known facts 
Using doubles to multiply e.g. 3 x 3 = 9 so 6×3=18 which is double 9. If 60 ÷ 5 = 12, 600 ÷ 5 = 120. If 8 x 6 = 48. 80 x 6 = 480. If 24 ÷ 8 is 3, 240 ÷ 8 = 30. 
Use the 6 times table to calculate 5 x 60?
If 4 x 4 = 16, what is 8 x 4? I have 12 points and John has 6 times as many as me. How many does John have? 
Multiply and divide whole numbers and those involving decimals by 10, 100 and 1000 
12 x 10 = 120 12 ÷ 10 = 1.2 56 x 100 = 5600 56 ÷ 100 = 0.56 1.99 x 1000 = 1990 199 ÷ 1000 = 0.199

I have £1.56 and share it between 10 friends. How much does each person have?
What is the product of 5.5 x 100? Fill in the missing number: 600 ÷ ? = 6 
Double: 4.4 = 8.8 4.6 = 9.2 6.7 = 13.4 
Multiply 7.4 by 2. Complete the sequence: 1.1, 2.2, 4.4, 8.8, ….. 

Halve any number with up to 1 decimal place.

Halve: 5.4 = 29 6.6 = 3.3 10.8 = 5.4 
Continue the sequence: 12.8, 6.4, 3.2…… Find the missing number: 26.8, 13.4, ….. 