Year 4 - Key Progression
Invaders and Settlers
- AD means after Christ.
- The Emperor Julius Caesar led two invasions of Britain in 55 BC and 54 BC
- In 43 AD, nearly 100 years later the Emperor Claudius successfully invaded Britain.
- Chester was an important Roman city and has lots of archeological evidence of Roman settlement.
- The Romans withdrew from Britain in 410 AD
- Anglo Saxon Britain was from 410 AD – 1066 AD
- Anglo Saxons were a mix of tribes from Germany, Denmark and the Netherlands.
- The biggest tribes were the Angles the Saxons and the Jutes.
- Christian conversion on Britain began during the Anglo Saxon period.
- The Anglo Saxon period was known as the Dark Ages.
- The first Viking raid recorded by Anglo Saxons was 787 AD.
- In 867 AD the Vikings invaded. This time they wanted to conquer not just raid.
- In the 9th century King Alfred the Great stopped the Vikings taking over all of England. He agreed to peace with them.
- Edward the Confessor became King of England in 1042 AD.
- Edward the Confessor died in 1066 AD.
- The Battle of Hastings took place in 1066.
- The Bayeux Tapestry shows the battle of Hastings.
- In 1824 William Laird founded Birkenhead iron works. He was joined by his son John Laird in 1828, they started building ships.
- In 1903 the Sheffield steel firm of John Cammell amalgamated with Laird and became Cammell Lairds.
- Cammell Lairds built many famous ships including the RRS Sir David Attenborough launched in 2018.