Year 5 - Key Progression

Year 5

The Changing Power of the Monarchs and the strengthening of parliament

  • The Tudors period is between 1485 and 1603.
  • There were five Tudor monarchs Henry VII, Henry VIII, Edward VI,

Mary I and Elizabeth I.

The Tudor period had two of the strongest monarchs ever to sit on the throne Henry VIII and Elizabeth I.

  • The Victorian era was between 1837 and 1901.
  • Queen Victoria ruled for 64 years.
  • Britain built a huge empire during the Victorian period.
  • The relationships between the church, parliament and monarchs changed from Tudors to Victorians.

Ancient Greece

  • The Ancient Greek civilisation emerged in 800 BC.
  • The Ancient Greeks believed in many Gods and Goddesses. They thought they lived above Mount Olympus in the clouds.
  • The two most important city states Ancient Greece were Athens and Sparta.
  • The Greeks were finally defeated by the Romans at the Battle of Corinth in 146 BC.
  • The legacy of Ancient Greece includes democracy, architecture and the Olympics.

Local Study

  • The impact of the Victorian era on Birkenhead including, Hamilton Square, Birkenhead Town Hall, The Railways.
  • Hamilton Square was designed by James Gillespie Graham. He was commissioned by John Laird the shipbuilder.
  • Hamilton Square was named after the wife of John Laird’s family.
  • There is a monument to Queen Victoria in Hamilton Square.
  • The Mersey railways opened in 1886.
  • The Mersey tunnel opened in 1934.


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