Year 5 - Key Progression
The Changing Power of the Monarchs and the strengthening of parliament
- The Tudors period is between 1485 and 1603.
- There were five Tudor monarchs Henry VII, Henry VIII, Edward VI,
Mary I and Elizabeth I.
The Tudor period had two of the strongest monarchs ever to sit on the throne Henry VIII and Elizabeth I.
- The Victorian era was between 1837 and 1901.
- Queen Victoria ruled for 64 years.
- Britain built a huge empire during the Victorian period.
- The relationships between the church, parliament and monarchs changed from Tudors to Victorians.
- The Ancient Greek civilisation emerged in 800 BC.
- The Ancient Greeks believed in many Gods and Goddesses. They thought they lived above Mount Olympus in the clouds.
- The two most important city states Ancient Greece were Athens and Sparta.
- The Greeks were finally defeated by the Romans at the Battle of Corinth in 146 BC.
- The legacy of Ancient Greece includes democracy, architecture and the Olympics.
- The impact of the Victorian era on Birkenhead including, Hamilton Square, Birkenhead Town Hall, The Railways.
- Hamilton Square was designed by James Gillespie Graham. He was commissioned by John Laird the shipbuilder.
- Hamilton Square was named after the wife of John Laird’s family.
- There is a monument to Queen Victoria in Hamilton Square.
- The Mersey railways opened in 1886.
- The Mersey tunnel opened in 1934.